Vietnamese population

Vietnamese population - The newest figures of 2018: Number of inhabitant: 95,565,068 people - Vietnam is in the list of the 14 most populated countries in the world; the density: 308 persons per km2; 34.70% of the population live in urban areas; the population of Vietnam today represents 1.27% of the world's population;

Life expectancy in 2011: 75.6 years on average; annual population growth: 1.2%. Each couple has an average of 2.9 children. There are 979 men for 1,000 women. 25.2% of Vietnamese population are children under 15, 69.3% are 15 - 64 years old and 5.5% are from 64 years old.

Vietnamese population

The Vietnamese population has 54 peoples (groups) of which 53 are ethnic minorities, representing 14% of the country's total population. The Viet group (also known as the Kinh people) represents about 86% of the population. They are concentrated mainly in the deltas and coastal plains. Ethnic minorities, except for Hoa, Cham and Khmer groups, are concentrated in mountainous regions and plateaus. Among the ethnic minorities, the most populated are Tay, Thais, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung... Each has a population of approximately one million inhabitants. The Brau, Ro Mam, O Du, Chut, Mang, La Chi and Pu Peo ethnic groups are the least populated, with a few thousand people for each group. There are a large number of ethnic minorities who have settled in Vietnam for a long time, but there are also ethnic minorities who have just emigrated to Vietnam in recent hundreds of years, like the Hoa (Chinese people), Hanhi…to become a part of the Vietnamese population.

Origin of the Vietnamese population:

Vietnamese population consists of 54 different peoples (ethnic minorities, ethnic groups...). Archeological evidence shows that Vietnam is one of the oldest cradles of human life in the world, dating back 500. 000 years. It is life of the Melanesian people. In the Stone Age, about 20 to 10. 000 years ago, a part of the Mongoloid people, who lived in northern China (present-day Tibet) and the Indian subcontinent, migrated to the south, until today's Indochina region. Here, the Mongoloid people mixed with the Melanesian people to lead to the birth of the Polynesian people.

Since the late Neolithic period, about 5000 years ago, until the beginning of the Bronze Age, in the southern region of China and northern Vietnam, there was the mixing of the Mongoloid people with the Polynesian people to make birth to the Austro - Asiatic people.

During the last periods, the Austro-Asiatic people were divided into a series of ethnic groups that the ancient Vietnamese and Chinese people called Bach Viet -Hundred Viet. Initially, they spoke several languages, such as Mon - Khmer, Viet -Muong, Tay - Thai, H'mong - Dao...After several separation processes, Vietnamese population and ethnic groups are formed with languages like today. Meanwhile, in southern Vietnam, along the Truong Son Mountain Range, this is the territory of the Polynesian people called after Austronesian people who are the ancestors of actual ethnic groups like: Cham, Mnong, Banar, Ede, Ra Glai...

Vietnamese population

The cultural identity of the Vietnamese population is very evident in community and economic activities of its ethnic groups. The costumes, the gastronomy, the style of architecture, the social relations, the customs of weddings, funerals, worship, festivals, calendars, arts and entertainment of each ethnic group have both common and individuals elements.

The Vietnamese population with 54 ethnic groups can be divided into 8 groups according to the criterion of language as follows:

- The language of Viet - Muong includes 4 ethnic groups: Kinh (Viet), Chut, Muong and Tho.

- The Tay-Thai language has 8 ethnic groups: Bo Y, Giay, Lao, Lu, Nung, San Chay, Tay and Thai.

- Mon - Khmer language has these thnic groups: Ba Na, Brau, Bru - Van Kieu, Ro Cho, Co, Ho Co, Co Tu, Trieng Gie, Hre, Khang, Khmer, Mu Kho, Ma, Ro Mam, Ta Oi, Xinh Mun, Xo Dang and Xtieng.

- The HMong - Dao language has three ethnic groups: Dao, Mong and Pa Then.

- The Kadai language includes four ethnic groups: Lao Co, La Chi, La Ha and Pu Peo.

- The Austronesian language includes 5 ethnic groups: Cham, Chu Ru, E De, Gia Rai and Ra Glai.

- The Han language has 3 ethnic groups: Hoa, Ngai and San Diu.

- The language of Tibetan origin has six ethnic groups: Cong, Ha Nhi, Hu Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La and Si La.

Vietnamese population

Distribution of the Vietnamese population:

The Kinh, the majority ethnic group of the Vietnamese population, live in all territories but mainly in the delta, islands and urban areas.

Most minority ethnic groups (except Hoa, Khmer and Cham) live in mountain areas. Among them, Sino - Tibetan groups (except Hoa people), the groups speaking Tai - Kadai and Hmong-Dao languages are mainly concentrated in the North. Austronesian groups live only on the southern coast, in the central highlands and in south, while the Austro - Asiatic groups extend throughout Vietnam.

. The groups speaking Tay - Thai, Mong - Dao and Tibetan languages ​​live mainly in the northern mountain, in provinces such as: Dien Bien, Lai Chau, Son La, Hoa Binh, Cao Bang, Bac Can...

. Groups speaking the Viet - Muong language such as Muong, Tho and Chut live in the northern provinces, from Phu Tho in the north to Quang Binh in the center. The Muong live mainly in the west mountains of the Red River Delta and Ma River, especially in Hoa Binh and Thanh Hoa. The Tho live mainly in the south of Thanh Hoa and in the west of Nghe An and the Chut live mainly in the north of Quang Binh in central Vietnam.. The ethnic groups speaking the languages ​​of the Austro - Asian family live in the central highlands, the mountains and the plains of southern Vietnam. Sometimes, the habitat of these groups is closely related to ethnic groups speaking the languages ​​of the Austronesian family.

. The groups speaking languages of the Austronesian family are concentrated in the provinces in the central highlands and in the south. Among these ethnic groups, the Cham live on the coastal plain of central and south of Vietnam, other ethnic groups are scattered along the Truong Son Range.

. For groups speaking Tay - Thai languages, Thai people settle on the right bank of the Red River (Son Lai, Lai Chau, Dien Bien). The Tay and Nung live on the left bank of the Red River (Cao Bang, Bac Kan, Thai Nguyen, Lang Son).

Vietnamese population

Other ethnic groups of Vietnamese population do not have separate territories. Many groups live together. Some of these ethnic groups migrated to Vietnam at different times: the Thai people came to Vietnam between the 7th and 13th centuries; Ha Nhi, Lo Lo...arrived in the 10th century; the Dao people in the 11th century; The H'Mong, Cao Lan, San Chi and Giay ethnic groups emigrated to Vietnam about 300 years ago...

Family regime of the Vietnamese population:

Beyond language and culture, the Vietnamese population is also classified according to family patterns. There are three main family regimes in Vietnam:

Patrilineal: These are the groups of Sino - Tibetan languages, Tay - Thai - Kadai, Hmông - Dao...The children take the name of the father. The couple lives with the husband's parents and the wife becomes a member of her husband's family. The man is the owner of the family and has the most important power. Ownership of inheritance is reserved for sons and eldest son has priorities.

Matrilineal: These are the Austronesian language groups. The take the name of the mother and are considered as members of the mother's family. The couple lives with the woman's parents and the husband becomes a member of the woman's family. The wife is the owner of the family, but the right of decision may still depend on the husband or men of his mother's family. The inheritance property is reserved for girls and the youngest daughter has priority.

Without distinction of matrilineal or matrilineal: Children belong to both the family of the mother and the family of the father. Couples decide to live on the side of the wife or husband or live separately according to convenience and economic conditions. The right to decide family matters depends on both the husband and the wife. Inheritance is reserved for sons and daughters or has the proper inheritance rules. This mode of the regime is widespread among the Kinh, Khmer peoples...who are the majority groups of the Vietnamese population.