Vietnamese geography

Vietnamese geography: Vietnam has 331,212 km km squares as the area located in the South – East of Indochinese peninsula. This country lies about 2700 km long from the North to the South, with the narrowest point of 47 km in the center, at 17th parallel where the country was cut into two parts in Vietnam war. This country shares the border with China (1,500 km) in the North, Orient sea in the East, Laos (2067 km) and Cambodia (1137 km) in the West and the South – West.

Vietnamese geography

In addition to the internal waters, territorial waters of Vietnam is 12 nautical miles along the length of the country’s land, 12 contiguous miles, the exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles which occupy an area of about 1,000,000 square kilometers.

Topographical features in the Vietnamese geography:

Vietnam is a tropical country with plains, hills, plateaus with lots of thick forests. Land used for agriculture represents less than 20%. The country is divided by mountains, the Red River Delta in the north, Annamitiques Mountains Chains, high plateaus, the central coastal plain and the Mekong Delta in the south.

The Vietnamese people imagine their country as a yoke, which carries two baskets. The shape of the country reminds word S: We have the Red River delta of 16.000 km squares in the North, the narrow coastal strip of the Centre, the Mekong Delta of 40. 000 squares in the South. Some people describe that: This country is like a dragon – a animal symbolizing the power.

Regions of geography:

The northeast, northwest and west of Vietnam are mountainous regions that include mountain ranges, mountains, highlands and hills. These areas are inhabited by many ethnic minority groups such as Thai, Hmong, Dao, Tay, Lo Lo, Giay, Lu, Mang, Kho Mu, Phu La, Pu Peo…Large mountains are Hoang Lien Son in the North and Truong Son in the center with the scattered valleys as: Nghia Lo, Dien Bien Phu, Mai Chau...Many mountains are over 2,000 meters high, of which Phan Xi Pang is the most high: up to 3,143 meters. In the northeast and central regions, many, mountains leading to the sea create magnificent majestic natural landscapes.

Vietnamese geography

The Red River Delta is in the shape of a triangle with the area of ​​15,000 square km. This delta is smaller than the Mekong in the south but more inhabited. In the past, the Red River Delta was a gulf belonging to the Gulf of Tonkin. Over time, the gulf is covered by the alluvial deposits of rivers belonging to the Red River and Thai Binh systems. It is the home of Vietnamese ancestors. Before 1975, the Red River delta accounted for 70% of agricultural production and 80% of industrial production in northern Vietnam.

The center is one of the three main regions of the Vietnamese geography (including north, center and south) of Vietnam. The center was called Annam under the French colonial era. This area has large sand dunes from the province of Quang Binh to Binh Thuan Province. During historical processes, the center of Vietnam is like a transit station when the ancient Vietnamese people opened the territory to the south.

The coastal plain is narrow, often struck by typhoons. Along this densely populated and exploited plain, the chain of the Annamite Mountain that makes the climate hot is the natural border between Vietnam and Laos.

The northern part of central Vietnam includes mountain chains in the west bordered by Laos with widely dispersed topographies. The plain covers an area of ​​6,200 square kilometers, concentrated mainly in the province of Thanh Hoa.

Vietnamese geography

The plateaus of the central Vietnam have an area of ​​54, 473.7 square kilometers located in the west and southwest of central Vietnam. This area is bordered by Laos and Cambodia in the west. The plateaus consist of the high mountains from 250 to 2500 m.

This region is very favorable to industrial cultures like coffee, pepper, rubber, cashew nut...The plateaus are the cradle of the Austronesia ethnic groups: E De, Gia Glai, Mnong, Ba Nar, Xo Dang, Gie Trieng...

The southern part of central Vietnam is close to the sea. The terrain includes coastal plains and mountains of low height. The rivers are abrupt; the coasts are deep; the plains are narrow...

Since 1993, when the imperial capital of Hue, the ancient city of Hoi An, the sanctuary of My Son, royal music in Hue, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park have been recognized as the World Heritages, tourism develops quickly. Here, visitors also have the opportunity to enjoy beautiful beaches such as Sam Son, Cua Lo, Thien Cam, Nhat Le, Cua Tung, Thuan An, Canh Duong, Lang Co, My Khe, Ca Na Cua Dai, Quy Nhon, Nha Trang, Mui Ne... My Kh Beach in Da Nang is also considered one of the six most charming beaches in the world by Forbes magazine. Nha Trang Bay and Lang Co Bay are in the list of the most beautiful bays of the World...

Vietnamese geography

The Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam, with an area of ​​40,000 square kilometers, is a low plain. The topography is divided by an incredible system of many canals, rivers, rivers... Thanks to the alluvial rivers, especially the Mekong River, the Mekong delta wins annually from 60 to 80 meters. An official source of information in Vietnam estimates that the annual sediment load is about one billion cubic meters, nearly 13 times more than the amount of sediment deposited by the Red River.

Approximately 10,000 square kilometers of the Mekong Delta are now used for rice cultivation, making it one of the main rice producing areas in the world. The southern part is known by vast forests of mangroves... This delta, rich in plantation of fruit trees, is a place of cohabitation of the peoples like Viet or Kinh, Khmer, Hoa, Cham...

The most important figures of Vietnamese geography:

Surface area: 331,212 km². The land: about 324,480 km²; The length of the land border: 4,639 km; Border with countries: Cambodia (1137 km), China (1,449, 566 km), Laos (2067 km); Coastal length: 3,260 km (excluding islands); Sovereign Waters: Coast: 12 nautical miles (22 km) from baseline, contiguous zone (12 nautical miles), exclusive economic zone (200 nautical miles - 370 km from the baseline); Highest point: Phan Xi Pang - 3,143 m...

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