Population and ethnic groups in Vietnam

Population of Vietnam:

Number of population: 92 000.000
Density: 275 people per km2.
Life expectancy in 2011: 72 years for women and 71 for men;
Annual population growth: 1.2%.

Population and ethnic groups in Vietnam

The population of Vietnam is very young: 70% are under age of 30 – the baby boom after the war.

Mortality: 6.14 deaths / 1,000 people.
The percentage of sex: 98, 1 men / 100 women.

Ethnic groups in Vietnam:

Based on the results of new research: Vietnamese peoples have the same origin: They are Polynesian people who are the mixture, since 10,000 BC of Mongoloid from the Tibet with the Melanesians – the first people living in Vietnam from 400,000 years old.

Since the year 5000 BC, the Mongoloid mix with the Polynesians to become the Austro – Asiatic.

Finally, the Austro – Asiatic divided into several ethnic groups: The Viet, Muong, Hmong, Dao, Tay … sharing 12 different dialects.

With 54 ethnic groups living in the territory, the Viet or Kinh occupy 86% of the population, mainly in the plain. 53 ethnic groups such as: Tay, Thai, Muong, Khmer, Hoa, Nung, Mong, Dao nguoi, Giarai , Ede, Cham, San Diu, Raglay … live mainly in the mountains of the North, Central, plateau and in some parts of the Mekong Delta in the South.

Most ethnic groups come from China with different dates: The Thais between the 7th and 13th, the Lo Lo: 10th, Dao: 13th, Hoa: 16th century … with different reasons: Nomads, political refugees…

While, the ethnic groups in the Plateau such as: Giarai the Ede … are indigenous as the Khmer in the Mekong Delta in the South.

Ethnic groups live mostly of agriculture: Rice, cassava, coffee, sugar cane, sweet potato, pepper … maintaining their different cultural aspects as well: Residential style, costume, religions…

They represent a challenge for the country’s economic development but contribute to diversify the Vietnamese culture in his uniform.

During your stay, we try to present some ethnic groups of Vietnamese population following your time of travel, you need… to discover their ancient cultural aspects that remain.