Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam

Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam established in 2001 and ranked as the World Natural Heritage by UNESCO, is located in Quang Binh province in the center of the country or about 500 kilometers in south of Hanoi.

Phong Nha Ke Bang is located in a limestone area of ​​about 200,000 hectares in central Vietnam. The center of the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park has an area of ​​85 754 hectares and 195 400 hectares as peripheral regions. The park was created to protect one of the two largest karsts regions in the world with 300 caves and the ecosystem in the center of Vietnam.

Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam

The characteristics of the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park is the formation of limestone, 300 caves, underground rivers, flora and rare fauna listed in the Red Book of Vietnam and the Red Book of the world. According to the estimation, the caves here have a total length of over 80 kilometers, but the British and Vietnamese explorers discovered only 20 km.

In April 2009, the expedition of the British Caving Association came to the Son Doong cave in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park and announced that this cave was the largest in the world (more than 6.5 km long, 200 meters high and 150 meters wide). It means that this cave is much larger than the Deer cave in the Gunung Mulu National Park in Sarawak of Malaysia. During this investigation, the expedition also found many other caves in Phong Nha Ke Bang.

The tectonic karsts formation in the Phong Ke Bang Bang National Park dates from 400 million years, from the Paleozoic Era which is the oldest karsts in Asia. Over the major changes in the stratigraphy and geomorphology, so the topography of Phong Nha Ke Bang is extremely complex. This National Park shows the most impressive evidence of the history of the Earth to help us to understand the geological history and the topography of the region. In 2013, UNESCO recognized it as the World Natural Heritage by geological and geomorphologic criteria and the World Natural Heritage in 2015 with the criteria of biodiversity and ecology. There are some main informations about Phong Nha Ke Bang:

Global values of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park:

Phong Nha Ke Bang is considered as a great nature museum with exceptional global value of geology, geomorphology, topography, ecology and biodiversity. In particular, the National Park contains the process of evolution and development of Nature with rare natural wonders.

Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam

Geological values:

The network of caves in Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park was formed by tectonic events within the limestone mountain of Ke Bang there are over 400 million years during the Paleozoic era, which in is also the oldest network of caves of Asia.

The park has different geo morphological and biological conditions from those of 41 other karsts regions classified as a World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. This actual area is the result of five times in the geological formation of our planet:

Ordovician - Early Silurian (about 450 million years)
Middle Devonian Superior (about 340 million years)
Carboniferous-Permian (about 300 million years)
Step Mesozoic orogenic
Step Cenozoic.

In April 2009, the Son Dong cave, long 6.5 km and 150 m wide, found by a local inhabitant and British explorers in Phong Nha Ke Bang is considered as the largest in the world...

Values ​​of flora and fauna:

The forest of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park is home to 735 vascular plant species described in 413 genera and 140 families, of which 36 species were marked in the Red Book of Vietnam.

Phong Nha Ke Bang

96.2% of the national park is covered by primary forest; 74.7% (110 476 ha) are the tropical forest on limestone mountains below 800 m high; 8.5% (12 600 ha) are the tropical evergreen forest on limestone mountains above 800 m high...

Known by the natural wealth, this national park is inhabited by 381 species of vertebrates, including 65 mammals, 260 birds, 53 reptiles, 22 amphibians and 61 freshwater fish.

Other endangered mammals are Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis), Megamuntiacus vuquangensis and the Saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis). The Asian black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus) and Malay bear (Helarctos malayanus) are also present here.

259 butterfly species belonging to 11 families: almost all the important species of butterflies live in Vietnam are present in Phong Nha Ke Bang...

Climate of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park:

Phong Nha Ke Bang is like most regions in the north in general and in the center of Vietnam in particular in view of the climate which is tropical, hot and humid.

The dry season lasting from April to August is currently quite favorable to participate in caving trip in the heart of the World Heritage Site of Phong Nha Ke Bang. While the temperature is 36-37 ° C outside but is still 20-21 ° C in the caves.

The rainy season lasts from September to March of next year. There are days when the water rises too much and boats cannot enter the Phong Nha Cave (wet cave). However, travelers have the chance to visit the dry caves such as Tien Son...

The average annual temperature ranges from 23 to 25 ° C. It can reach 41 ° C in maximum in summer: Between June, July and August and in minimum 6 ° C in winter. The coldest months are December, January and February, with average temperature of 18 ° C.

With over 160 days of rain a year, the annual rainfall here is 2 000 to 2 500 mm and the average relative humidity in Phong Nha Ke Bang is 84% ​​per year.

What are destinations in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park?

When Phong Nha Ke Bang was recognized as the World Heritage, the province of Quang Binh has chosen tourism as one of the four major economic sectors in the province. With the advantages of the system of the cave and biodiversity, the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park has been exploited for the development of tourism types like this:

Canoe trip to discover the caves - This is the style that everyone can adapt.
Ecotourism to explore the flora and fauna
Climbing is an adventure: Here there are dozens peaks with an altitude of over 1000 m for this adventure activity.

The trip in Quang Binh province would not be perfect if you don’t go to Phong Nha Ke Bang which is one of the oldest tropical karsts regions and the largest in the world, with 200,000 hectares, more 300 caves that hide many strange and fascinating things. Here are the essential caves to discover in the Phong Nha Ke Bang:

Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam

Phong Nha Cave: This is one of the most famous in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park with the length of about 8 km. Phong Nha is in the list of caves having the longest underground rivers in the world.

Travelers take the motor boat on the Son river which is surrounded by chains of limestone mountains covered by endless green vegetation. In the Phong Nha cave, you will feel exciting, relaxing and enjoyable. The atmosphere is fresh and cool with only about 17 - 19oC. During navigation of over 600m inside the cave, you have the chance to admire the great outstanding, impressive natural beauty of Phong Nha Ke Bang.

Tien Son Cave: Tien Son is a dry cave which is one of the most beautiful in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park. The entrance door to Tien Son is located approximately 1000 meters from the Phong Nha cave, at an altitude of 200 m above sea level. Tien Son has 980 meters long. But because of an abyss and very dangerous rocks, visitors are allowed to explore the 400m in length.

This cave was discovered in 1935. The local population calls Tien Son thanks to its mysterious beauty. Tien Son has stalactites and stalagmites as spectacular and fantastic as Phong Nha cave. According to Scientists from the British Royal Association of Cave, Tien Son was formed since tens of millions of years ago when a flow of water pierced through the limestone mountains. Despite located side by side but Phong Nha and Tien Son don’t not connect each other. Here, local residents have found the remains of ancient peoples lived in the Phong Nha Ke Bang.

Thien Duong Cave: Thien Duong Cave was discovered in 2005 by the British Royal Association of Cave. This cave has a total length of 31 km. Due to the enchanting beauty, the cave was named Thien Duong or Paradise. Thien Duong is greater than the caves of Phong Nha, Tien Son ... Inside, there is a road of 1.1 km long for visitors.

Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam

The cave of Thien Duong is located approximately 20km from Phong Nha and can be reached by bike, car…Then you walk 2 km (or electric car) and 534 steps (along 570m) to reach the cave of Thien Duong. Visitors would have about a day to explore these two famous caves in Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park.

Toi Cave: Toi Cave belonging to Phong Nha Ke Bang cave system has been explored by explorers of the British Royal Association of Cave in 1990 and 1992. The front door is 20 meters wide and 40 meters high. With a length of 5.258m and 80m high, the name of this cave means '' Black, Darkness '' because black is so dense in the cave which give you impression to touch it.

The cave is untouched with thousands of stone columns having different forms and is the hermitage of many animals such as bats, swallows ... especially primates of Ha Tinh figured in the Red Book of Vietnam. Located along the river, high humidity covers stalactites and stalagmites to create a unique color in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park.

Cave En: Located in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park, En Cave has a total length of 1,645 meters with 3 entrance doors. The unique feature of the En Cave is that, in the blue colors of the rivers, the bright light from skylights in the ceiling of the cave makes scenes more magical. On the ceiling, there are thousands of swallows which are the etymology of the name of this cave: En - Swallow. Visitors are not allowed to go there alone. They need to have an experienced guide to avoid getting lost. To get there, visitors follow a trek of 30 km long passing forests, rivers…which requires significant physical training to make this adventure in Phong Nha Ke Bang.

Son Doong Cave: With 6.5km long, 200 meters high and 150 meters wide, Son Doong in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park exceeded the Deer Cave in the Gunung Mulu National Park in Sarawak of Malaysia to become the largest in the World.

The exploration of the Son Doong Cave takes you into the central region of the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh province. This circuit organized by Oxalis, a local travel agency, is considered as one of the most interesting in the world.

Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam

The team of local porters, as well as security experts and experienced guides accompany you during the discovery of five days. This trekking takes you into the depths of the largest cave in the world. These are really incredible scenes with giant stalactites and stalagmites which are suspended from the ceiling of the cave or magically grow from the ground pretending to be like extra - land creatures with strange shapes.

However, you need to prepare a good health, a good physical condition and experience to participate in this trek (not necessarily the experiences of caves or rock climbing) to be able to finish with success this adventure in Phong Nha Ke Bang.

Accommodation in Phong Nha Ke Bang:

To discover the National Park of Phong Nha Ke Bang, you have two choices of places to spend the night. At the entrance of the park, there are hotels like Saigon Phong Nha, Phong Nha Hotel, Chay Lap Home Stay, Phong Nha Lake house ... and many local hotels, guest rooms at affordable prices.

The city of Dong Hoi located 50 km from the park has the beautiful beach of Nhat Le where there are hotels in all categories: Sun Spa Resort (deluxe), Bao Ninh Beach Resort (Superior), Saigon Quang Binh hotel, Lu Xe, Ban Mai ... the city of Dong Hoi which has a bus station, a railway station, airport ... is also convenient to enjoy the beach of Nhat Le. You can contact us for more free information about accommodation in Phong Nha Ke Bang.

Means of transport to go to the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park:

Phong Nha Ke Bang is located 50km from the city of Dong Hoi which is the capital of Quang Binh province in the center of Vietnam. Most of travelers start from this city to explore this amazing heritage. You can find the bike, the car, the taxi ... easily in this town to go to Phong Nha Ke Bang.

To go to Dong Hoi, travelers can choose:

By road:

Dong Hoi is located 160 km in north of the Hue ancient capital classified as the Cultural Heritage of the World, or approximately 3 hours drive.

Travelers can go to Dong Hoi by road from Hanoi, Halong Bay On Land ... with a night in the city of Vinh, which has no tourist interest as a transit city.

From Hanoi, Halong Bay On Land… travelers can take the train (several trains per day) to stop in Dong Hoi railway station.

By plane:

From Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, you have daily flights to Dong Hoi airport...You can send us an email to: info@guideduvietnam.com for more free information about the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park.