Images of My Son Sanctuary in Vietnam

My Son Sanctuary is an interesting destination in the center of Vietnam to be in search of a glorious civilization but lost of the Cham people. This Holy Land was classified in 1999 as World Heritage by UNESCO, which is often compared with other heritages in Southeast Asia such as Borobudur (Java, Indonesia), Bagan (Myanmar), Angkor Wat (Cambodia) and Ayutthaya (Thailand).

My Son Sanctuary in Vietnam

The My Son Sanctuary is located in a closed valley with a spectacular and majestic mountainous terrain. Here, there are more than 70 temples towers of the civilization of the Cham people which is crystallized in eternal objects containing the values ​​of history, culture, architecture, art created continuously for a long period of 9 centuries, from the 4th to the 14th century.

The temples - towers in My Son Sanctuary are divided into several groups, built on the same principles. Each architectural group consists of a main temple (Kalan), which is surrounded by small and additional temples towers. The main temple represents the Mount of Meru - the center of the Universe according to Hinduism - is the convergence of the Gods and to worship the God Siva. The sub-temples or additional temples tower worship the Gods Guardians of the directions of the Universe. Furthermore, additional monuments usually consist: towers covered by the tile where pilgrims were preparing ceremonies, offerings were stored. The main temple of Cham people had no window, except the additional temples towers.

Mr. Kazik (Kazimierz Kwiatkowski) - a Polish talented architect who has spent many years to study the My Son Sanctuary - shared, '' the former Champa people sent their spiritual life to earth, stone and relied on nature to make a beautiful, sacred and majestic My Son Sanctuary which is certainly a priceless museum of sculpture, art, architecture of Humanity that we need much more time to understand it. ''

My Son Sanctuary in Vietnam

Time, human indifference but especially wars have severely devastated the rare monuments. But the remains in My Son Sanctuary still play an extremely important role in the global architecture, culture and history heritage.

The My Son Sanctuary is the set of architectural monuments of the Cham people style. By playing role as the temples of Angkor in Cambodia, the temples of My Son Sanctuary worship the Shiva saint, symbols of Linga and Yoni. Built from the 4th century, the temples of My Son Sanctuary still keep always the motifs carved in a very sophisticated way on the stone that tell the stories of this ancient sanctuary. If you like to explore the history and learn about ancient cultures, lost civilizations ... it's a great place. Here are some presentations on the My Son Sanctuary:

History of My Son Sanctuary:

In the 4th century, King Bhadravarman I built the My Son Sanctuary to venerate the saint Shiva and Linga or the sex symbol for men while following the Brahmanism and Indian architecture.

The history books do not have a specific document that talks about the formation of the My Son Sanctuary. In fact, people base on objects from the time of King Bhadravarman I found by archaeologists. Researcher also found many steles that mark in ancient Sanskrit the history of this emperor who reigned from 381 to 413 after Jesus Christ. That is why we concluded that the My Son Sanctuary was started to build by wood from the 4th century.

In the early 7th century, the My Son Sanctuary was built in brick by Sambhuvarman king who reigned from 577 to 629. Because the wooden temple was burned during a major fire and the new temple built exists there until today.

My Son Sanctuary in Vietnam

From the late 7th century to the 14th century, successive dynasties of the Champapura kingdom of the Cham people maintained the old temples and built other temples towers of all sizes to worship the Gods in Hinduism. With brick and other building materials, the Champa people building technique, the temples of My Son Sanctuary are very solid that exist until now and still the challenge of modern science.

In 1694, after the Champa kingdom collapsed, the My Son Sanctuary was also forgotten.

In 1885, the My Son Sanctuary was discovered by French explorers.

From 1898 to 1899, two French archaeologists: Louis Finot and Launet of Lajonquere began to study the epitaph, the steles, and the texts of My Son Sanctuary.

From 1901 to 1902, the archaeologist Henri Parmentier studied art of My Son.

In 1904, Henri Parmentier, Olrpeaus and the team of archaeologists announced

The first official documents on the temples of My Son Sanctuary…

Currently, the results of archaeological excavations prove that kings of Cham people were buried here since the 4th century. The total number of monuments is 70 large and small temples - towers. According to archaeologists, the My Son Sanctuary was the religious and cultural center of the Champapura kingdom of the Cham people while the capital of the state was in Tra Kieu and Dong Duong…

My Son Sanctuary in Vietnam

The ancient archaeological objects found in My Son Sanctuary:

The My Son Sanctuary has a lot of relics excavated as: statues, carvings, altar, statues of Yoni (symbol of the female sex), and the statues of Linga or symbol of men sex ... But under French colonial period, there were many precious relics which were transported to France. Some artifacts are now on display in the museum: Vietnam History Museum in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City Museum, Cham Sculpture Museum in Da Nang City…

Currently, the temples - towers in My Son Sanctuary are preserved to avoid spoilage, also thanks to the support of the Japanese people, the Italian Government, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam...

General tourism information of My Son Sanctuary:

Position of the Holy Land:

The My Son Sanctuary is located in the Duy Phu commune, Duy Xuyen district of the Quang Nam province in the center of Vietnam. My Son is 20 km in the west of Tra Kieu, 50 km from the Hoi an ancient town (Cultural Heritage listed by UNESCO), 70km in west of the Danang City and 145 km in south of Hue ancient capital which was also listed as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

Information on site:

The entrance fee is $ 5 per person. It is free for children under 15 years old. This entry fee includes travel by electric car and the folk cultural show of the Cham people.

The opening hour: from 6:30 am to 17:00. The My Son Sanctuary is open every day of the year, including holidays.

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