How to build Angkor temples?

How to build Angkor temples: Angkor temples are one of the greatest treasures in archaeological history in the world. It is the millennial capital of Cambodia that is equivalent to the current capital of London. However, how did the builders of the Angkor temples transport millions of giant 1.6-ton blocks to build beautiful towers, walls...?

How to build Angkor temples

The canals were dug to transport the blocks of stone for the construction of Angkor temples:

While using satellite imagery and modern scientific methods, scientists discovered that at that time, a 34-kilometer canal was dug to transport the rocks from the mountains to the present temples. This discovery helps to explain how a giant temple like Angkor Wat is built with 5 million tons of stone during the 35 years. But, according to calculations, the work would take hundreds of years with the technology of that time. Initially, people thought that it took at least 5 days to transport each block of stone on an 88 km route by crossing paths, rivers, lakes...

With satellite imagery, archaeologists have discovered a network of canals that can easily transport these blocks of stone, each has 1.6 tons, from the quarry to the Angkor shipyard in just 10 hours. Professor Etsuo Uchida of Waseda University in Tokyo said: "These canals were dug to carry blocks to build the Angkor temples, this is the shortest route and it shows how the ancient Khmer people built the Angkor temples in a systematic and effective way.”

Professor Uchida and his colleagues found traces of the canals by studying satellite images of the areas surrounding the Angkor architectural complex. These canals went directly from the quarry to the temple.

Upon arriving at the site, they found that some parts of these canals still have water, while many other canals have disappeared over the years: either dried up or invaded by the jungle. The team also discovered large blocks of stone at various locations along the canal, perhaps due to falling into the water during rafting or for reasons not found...

Angkor temples

The canal network starts from the quarries at the foot of Kulien Mountain where archaeologists have discovered that it was the stone used for the construction of the Angkor temples. Archaeologists have also found 50 other quarries along the road that the canals have crossed. Previously, experts believed that the giant stone blocks were transported by the Mount Kulen road to a river leading to Tonle Sap Lake. From there, they were transported by boat to the Siem Reap River and then dragged to the Angkor temples construction site.

Professor Uchida said that new discoveries have shown that transport routes are much more efficient. These ways have considerably shortened the progress of the construction of the monumental buildings of the Angkor temples. "I think it took a few years to dig these canals to use boats and rafts to carry these blocks of stone, and with this canal system, the ancient Khmers did not have to go back up the Siem Reap River and they could carry giant blocks of stone faster and more efficiently.

Angkor Wat Temple-the most brilliant pearl of the art of Khmer architecture

Angkor Wat is located in the archaeological complex of ancient Angkor built between the 9th and 15th centuries. Angkor capital is considered the largest preindustrial city in the world extending over an area of ​​more than 1000 square meters.

Angkor Wat was built to worship the Holy Vishnu of Hinduism and is considered the culmination of Khmer architecture. After the Khmer dynasty was converted to Buddhism, Angkor Wat became the temple to venerate Buddha. After the demolition of the capital by the Thai army, the Khmer kings fled to Phnom Penh in the 15th century, Angkor Wat was covered by jungle and was discovered by Herri Mouhot in 1860.

Angkor Wat has a circumference of nearly 6 km and an area of ​​about 200 ha. The main tower of the temple is 65m high. Angkor Wat is the only mountain temple in Cambodia with the main entrance in the west, the direction of the sunset. The temple was built on the principle: to mount the stone blocks first, to make the sculptures afterwards. The proof is that on the stone pillars at the first floor, traces of the unfinished sculptures are still visible.

The main temple has 398 rooms with stone carvings on the ceilings, corridors, balustrades...which show the extraordinary talent, the skill of the ancient Khmer people. The most unique are the sculptures on the walls of the first floor hallway. This is considered the largest and longest stone carving painting in the world - with a height of 2.5 meters and a length of more than 800 meters. The second floor has countless Apsara paintings or magical dancers with bare breasts. The third floor consists of two huge corridors. At the intersection of the two corridors, there is the center of Angkor Wat - the pearl of the Angkor temples. In the past, the center of the temple had the statue of God Vishnu, but has now disappeared.

The central tower of Angkor Wat temple is the highest point of the Angkor temples. Around the central tower, there are four square corridors. At each corner of the corridor, there is a tower.

The architectural complex of Angkor Wat was mysteriously abandoned in the 15th century like the other Angkor temples before being "discovered" in the 19th century...