Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City is the largest city and is also the capital of economy, culture, education…of Vietnam. Currently, Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi are the most important cities of the country.

Geography of Ho Chi Minh City:

In south of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City is located at 1730 km from the capital of Hanoi by road and 50 km from the Orient Sea in a straight line. As a center of Southeast of Asia, this biggest city of Vietnam occupies a significant position in terms of road, river and air traffic, connecting the provinces of the region and is also an international gateway.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City has a diverse network of rivers and canals: The river of Dong Nai providing the main source of fresh water, the river of Saigon, Nha Be River flowing into the sea with two main branches: Soai Rap and Ganh Rai. In addition to the major rivers, Ho Chi Minh City also has a dense system of canals: Láng The, Bàu Nông, rạch Tra, Bến Cát, An Hạ, Tham Lương, Cầu Bông, Nhiêu Lộc-Thị Nghè, Bến Nghé, Lò Gốm, Kênh Tẻ, Tàu Hũ, Kênh Ðôi...

Climate of the economic capital of Vietnam:

Ho Chi Minh City is located in the tropical savannah region as some other provinces in southern Vietnam. This city does not have four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. The temperatures are often high. The city has two seasons: the rainy season and the dry season. The rainy season lasts from May to November. During this moment, it is often hot and humid. While the dry season lasts from December to April of next year. It is less hot. The climate is dry with low precipitation. On average, the city has 160 to 270 hours of sunshine per month, the average temperature is 27 ° C, maximum up to 40 ° C and minimum 13.8 ° C but rare. Every year, Ho Chi Minh City has 330 days where the average temperature is 25 to 28 ° C.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Summary history of Ho Chi Minh City:

Humans appeared early in Ho Chi Minh City. Archaeological excavations show that there are many metal stone-age cultures. These people have experienced agricultural techniques.

From the first century until the 7th century AD, the southern regions of Indochina had many States that had relations with Ho Chi Minh City today.

After the formation of the Khmer Empire, the Indochina southern territory was under the control of the empire. However, the population of the Khmer Empire was very sparse there. There was no major conurbation. After the collapse of the Khmer Empire, Ho Chi Minh City was abandoned.

Until the 16th century, the Vietnamese people have come here. After the uprisings against the Manchu Dynasty in China, the Chinese people, with the permission of the feudal authorities of Vietnam, settled around Ho Chi Minh City.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

In 1698, the Vietnamese people have founded the first administrative office: Canton of Gia Dinh which is considered as the date of the creation of Ho Chi Minh City now. This city has become rapidly the economic center of southern Vietnam at that time.

After the conquest of Saigon, the former name of Ho Chi Minh City today, the city has grown rapidly to become the largest of Vietnam. Named: Oriental Pearl or Paris of Asia, Saigon was the capital of the Indochinese Federation between 1887- 1901 under the French colonial era.

Very quickly, the important works of the city, like the Palace of Governors of South, Palace of the Governor of Indochina…were built. Several offices as: Department of the Interior, courts, banks, catholic churches, markets, opera, post office, hotels ...were built also at the same time in the center of Ho Chi Minh City.

During the French colonial era, Saigon - Ho Chi Minh City has become an important center of economy, culture, education, health ... of French Indochina. The nicknamed the Pearl of the Orient included the three countries colonized by France: Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. At the same time, the city of Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia today, was also called: Pearl of the Orient as Ho Chi Minh City.

Since 1949, Saigon was the capital of the Vietnamese nation, the southern regime controlled by King Bao Dai under the protection of French people. In 1955, the Republic of Vietnam (against the northerm regime during the Vietnam War) was created and Saigon - Ho Chi Minh City was chosen as the capital.

During the 1950s, with the help of the US government, Saigon has become a center of politics, economy, culture and entertainment of southern Vietnam. During the 60s and 70s, the presence of the US military has caused disruptions to the city. Many buildings, military organizations ... were built in Saigon - Ho Chi Minh City.

In 1975, the Vietnam War ended. In 1976, the National Assembly of unified Vietnam named Saigon: Ho Chi Minh City which is the full name of the first president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam established in 1945...

After the difficult times of after wars period, now, with a total area of ​​2,096 km² and a population of over 8 million people, Ho Chi Minh City is the economic capital of Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Population in Ho Chi Minh City:

In 1929, Ho Chi Minh City had 123,890 inhabitants (12,100 were French people). 40 years later, in 1967, the city had 1,485,295 people.

Since 1975, the population of Ho Chi Minh City has grown rapidly. According to official statistics, the population was 3,498,120 people after Vietnam War. In 2012, the total population of Ho Chi Minh City was nearly 7,750,900 people. In recent decades, this young city has lowest population growing in Vietnam. But because of uncontrollable immigration, in 2015, the city had 8,224,000 million. As the economic capital of the country, there are about 20,000 foreigners living in Ho Chi Minh City.

Ho Chi Minh City is the land of the coexistence of 44 people over the entire 53 people in Vietnam. As in most places in the country, the Viet or Kinh people occupies the majority of the population, followed by Chinese people (over 500,000 people), Cham (over 6000 people), Khmer (over 5000 people), the Tay (about 2000 people)... According also to official statistics, there are 13 religions. Most are Buddhism, followed by Catholicism, Caodaism, Protestantism, Islam, Hinduism and local sects that live peacefully together in Ho Chi Minh City.

Ho Chi Minh City - The must-see attractions:

Ho Chi Minh City, with only 300 years of history of construction, preserves many architectural monuments and has a multicultural society. The tourist attractions of the city are relatively diversified. With the system of 11 museums, mainly on the subject of history, this great city has the most museums in Vietnam. While most foreign visitors are interested in the Museum of War Remnants, local visitors are attracted especially by Ho Chi Minh City Museum.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City is also known for the diversity of religions. The city now has over a thousand temples, pagodas…that were built over time. The churches were built mainly in the 19th century according to the Roman and Gothic style ... The most famous is the Saigon Notre-Dame cathedral in the district 1. Its construction was completed in 1880. The French colonial era has left them many important buildings such as the People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City, Opera House, Saigon Post Office, Nha Rong port, Reunification Palace, Hotel Continental, the Dong Khoi or Catinat Street... the modern architecture of the city is marked by buildings, hotels, shopping centers such as Diamond Plaza, Saigon Trade Center ... Outside the city, you have the famous Cu Chi tunnel, the Park of Can Gio, the sanctuary of Caodaism, the floating market of Cai be... which are famous destinations in Ho Chi Minh City.

Ho Chi Minh City is a shopping and entertainment center. In addition to the bars, nightclubs, theaters ... the city has several amusement parks such as Dam Sen Park, Suoi Tien Park, the park of Dai Nam... The trade centers such as Ben Thanh Market, Diamond Plaza, Binh Tay Market ... and diversification of gastronomy are also the strength points of tourism in Ho Chi Minh City.

If you have a day here, you should not miss the main attractions of tourism of Ho Chi Minh City which are in the district 1 or the historic quarter built by French people under the Indochina era between 1859 and 1954:

Some destinations in city center:

1 - Reunification Palace: In 1867, the work of the palace was started in the center of Ho Chi Minh City to be ended in 1873 with all materials such as cement, iron, tile... coming from France. Called: Norodom Palace, the name of the King of Cambodia who accepted the French protectorate, the palace was reserved between 1871-1887 to the Governor of Cochin China or the current south of Vietnam.

From 1887 - 1945, the palace was reserved to the Governors General of Indochina. The Governor of Cochin China moved to another palace next. In 1954, the French people left Vietnam after the military defeat at the battle of Dien Bien Phu, the Palace has been reserved to the Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem of Vietnam Nation (Government of the south against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in North).

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

In 1955, Ngo Dinh Diem became President of the Republic of Vietnam. The palace was reserved to the government and his family but was baptized: the Independence Palace. In 1962, the Independence Palace was bombed by the movement anti Ngo Dinh Diem who built another palace on the same site. In 1966, the Independence Palace was the seat of southern government named Republic of Vietnam, the office of its Presidents and their place of residence.

In 1975, the Vietnam War was over. The palace took his new name: Reunification Palace which is a historical and cultural relic of the current Vietnam. This palace is the most visited spot by local travelers to Ho Chi Minh City.

2 - Notre Dame Cathedral: Built in the center of Ho Chi Minh City between 1877 and 1880 under the name: Church and State because it was funded by the French state, with all materials such as: brick, stone…coming from France. In 1895, two towers bells, each 57.6 meters high were constructed with 6 bronze bells having 28, 85 tons. In 1903, the French people made here the statue of Pigneau Behaine, the Bishop helping to bring French colonialism in Vietnam. In 1945, under Japanese colonization, the statue was destroyed. In 1958, Pham Van Thien priest made a statue of Peace Mary in white marble in Italy. In 1959, the statue was put on the same place of that of Pigneau of Behaine. At that time, the church was called Notre Dame de Saigon and upgraded to become the basilica. The Notre Dame Cathedral is a place which is very photographed by young couples in Ho Chi Minh City.

3 – Saigon Post Office: Built between 1886-1891, the post office of Saigon is a remarkable architectural monument in Ho Chi Minh City. Outside, on the front, the names of the scientists of the telegraph and electricity were marked. Inside, there are structures made by Gustave Eiffel.

4 - Municipal Theater of Ho Chi Minh City: Passing through the famous Catinat Street, Hotel Continental ... you arrive at the Municipal Theater of Ho Chi Minh City built between 1898 and 1900. The theater is not only a place to present the shows but also to organize important events. In 1944, the theater was severely bombed by the Allies Army. In 1955, the theater has been completely restored but became the seat of the National Assembly of South government: Republic of Vietnam. In 1975, the Vietnam War was over. The theater regained its role. In 1998, Ho Chi Minh City has completely renovated it.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

5 - City Hall or the People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City: Built between 1898 and 1909. The town hall is one of the most famous architectural monuments of Ho Chi Minh City. Following the style of the bell towers in north of France, the City Hall is the seat of the municipality of Ho Chi Minh City today.

6 - Ben Thanh Market: Ben Thanh means: Wharf of the Citadel, an entry on the river of Ben Nghe to the citadel of Saigon. Before the arrival of the French people, Ben Thanh Market, built in brick, wood ... was the liveliest place of Saigon. In 1859, the market was burned during the conquest of the city led the French Army. In 1860, the Ben Thanh Market was rebuilt by the French people but also in brick, wood, covered with leaves. The current Ben Thanh Market was rebuilt for the 3rd time by the French people between 1912 - 1914. After 70 years of activity, the Ben Thanh Market was fully renovated in 1985 by the population of Ho Chi Minh City.

7 - Chinatown or Cho Lon: Now, you leave the center of Ho Chi Minh City to continue your trip by going to Chinatown. Belonging to the 5 and 6th district of the largest city in Vietnam, Cho Lon is the home of Chinese people living in Ho Chi Minh City. En reality, in the past, Cho Lon was an independent city but has joined to Ho Chi Minh City in 1950 because of urbanization. Before the creation of the city of Saigon in 1698, the Chinese people already lived in Cho Lon. They were victims the Manchu regime in China. Chinatown is characterized by the Binh Tay Market or Cho Lon, the largest market of the city in an area of ​​17,000 square meters built in the 20s of the 20th century. Known as a wholesale market, you can find everything here: Food, preserves, jewelry, household tools...

If the heat does not tire you, we will take you to visit religious monuments such as: Temple of Ngoc Hoang, Thien Hau Temple, Vinh Nghiem Pagoda ... which are not far from the center of Ho Chi Minh City.

To end the day of the visit, participation in Ben Thanh night market is recommended for contact with a very young and dynamic population of Vietnam. Once in the market, the atmosphere makes you feel like you're in a beehive with a relentless animation of conversations, street restaurants, scooters, horns ... It is an atmosphere that only exists in Ho Chi Minh City.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

Some destination outside the city:

1 - Cu Chi Tunnel: Cu Chi Tunnel, click here for details, is a defense system under the ground located at 70 kilometers in northwest of Ho Chi Minh City. This system was dug by Viet Minh and the National Front for Liberation of South of Vietnam during the French Indochina War and the Vietnam War. The Cu Chi tunnel consisted of clinics, many rooms, kitchens, warehouses, offices...but everything is underground. The Cu Chi tunnel having about 250 km long was built in Cu Chi named the Iron Earth which is one of the districts of Ho Chi Minh City.

Sanctuary of Caodaism: The construction was started in 1933 and officially ended in 1955. This sanctuary in Tay Ninh town about 100 km from Ho Chi Minh City venerates the Sacred Eye of the religion of Caodaism: click here for more details. Besides the Sacred Eye, the Caodaism also worships Buddha, Woman Guanyin Buddha, Jesus, Confucius, Lao Tzu... According to the bible of this religion, the temple symbolizes the place of God. You can combine visit of the Cu Chi tunnel and Caodaism temple in one day tour from Ho Chi Minh City.

The Cai Be floating market: At 90 km from Ho Chi Minh City, the floating market of Cai Be is an interesting destination in the Mekong Delta. Here you have the chance to plunge yourself into the atmosphere of a bustling market on the boats, stroll under the lush vegetation of a fluvial region, discover local craft trades... Traveler has to spend a full day to discover Cai Be from Ho Chi Minh City

Special features of the gastronomy of Ho Chi Minh City:

Ho Chi Minh City is not only known by modern buildings but also by its rich and diverse culinary art. In the minds of travelers, this city is named: City without Night because, from dawn until midnight, the city is still buzzing with the sounds of buyers and sellers.

Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam

This city is not only the heart of southern, central and northern Vietnam but also the crossroads of cultural soul through the intersection of the Western and the Orient worlds which exerts net influences in culture in general and especially in the gastronomy of Ho Chi Minh City.

For long time, people in Ho Chi Minh City have habit to eat in restaurants that are open all day, especially the Ben Thanh night market, the quarter of night restaurants in Cho Lon ... People always say that Ho Chi Minh City does not sleep with its culinary delights.

The cuisine of Ho Chi Minh City is firstly crystallization of delicious food in South of Vietnam having flavors of fluvial countryside of the Mekong Delta. This is also the convergence of many delicious dishes from different regions of Vietnam. Many dishes of northern and central regions become a part of culinary culture here. With the vicissitudes of the past, the current integration…we can easily find the culinary culture of China, India, France, the United States, Italy, Russia, Japan, Australia and many other countries in Ho Chi Minh City.

One of the most interesting things when going abroad is to enjoy the local characteristics dishes. This is also a great way to explore the world's cultures.

Recently, the US magazine of Business Insider voted a list of 30 cities where all the gastronomic followers cannot ignore, including Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. According to Business Insider, this city in the south, as well as many other places in Vietnam, has tasty and nutritional food...

Moreover, Ho Chi Minh City is also several times in the list of cheap and valuable destinations in 2016. The city is not only known for excellent cuisine but also by the convergence of many characteristics cultural beauties of peoples in Vietnam...You can send us an email to: info@guideduvietnam.com for more free information about Ho Chi Minh City.