History of Vietnam

History of Vietnam, since the presence of human beings, began since tens of thousands of years BC. If Vietnamese history is counted since the formation of its first state, it began from 2879 BC.

History of Vietnam

Archaeologists have found evidence to prove that Vietnam is one of the cradles of human beings called Melanesians who have traces dating back 500,000 years. Many cultures have lived in Vietnam since the end of the Ancient Stone Age to New Stone Age (20,000 years - 5,700 BC) like Trang An, Nguom, Son Vi and Soi Nhu. In Neolithic times, the Hoa Binh - Bac Son cultures in the history of Vietnam developed in terms of livestock and agriculture, especially rice growing. Prehistoric Vietnamese people in the Red River Delta - the Red River civilization and along the banks of the Ma River have cleared farmland with the creation of a dike system to control the floodwaters of rivers and canals to serve rice growing to create irrigated rice culture and village culture in the dawn of the history of Vietnam.

In the Iron Age, around the 7th century BC, the first Vietnamese state was formed in northern Viet Nam. This is the Van Lang State of Hung Kings. The time of the Hung kings who have existed rather in oral history and through archaeological excavations has been widely recognized as the first organized nation in the history of Vietnam.

Process of the history of Vietnam:

From the succession of 18 kings of Van Lang to the founding of the capital at Co Loa in 258 BC, from the arrival of the Chinese invaders in the year 179 BC until the independence of the country in 938 founded by Ngo Quyen after several wars against China: Here are the main wars for independence led by:

- The Trung Sisters in 43 BC

- Cu Dat in 157 AD

- The Lady Trieu in 248

- Ly Thuong Nhan in 485

- Ly Bi in 544, by Mai Thuc Loan in 722...

- In 905, Khuc Thua Du built the autonomy of the Vietnamese people when the Tang Dynasty in China weakened to create the basis of Vietnam's independence.

- In 939, Ngo Quyen crowned after the historic victory in the Bach Dang River over the Nam Han Army. The battle on the Bac Dang River was led by Ngo Quyen in 938 who drove the sharp ironwoods to pierce Chinese army boats. This victory gave independence to the country.

- In 968, Dinh Bo Linh proclaimed the king to found the Dinh dynasty (968-980) and to name the country Dai Co Viet or Grand Viet.

-In 980, Le Hoan took the throne to found the kingdom of Tien Le (980-1009). In 981, the war was led by Le Hoan from the Hoa Lu capital based in Halong Bay on Land to fight against the China.

From 1010 - the era of national freedom and the prosperity of the different dynasties as Ly, Tran, Le, Mac…who continued wars to safeguard Vietnam's independence from China and Mongolia:

-The victory won over the Chinese army by Ly Thuong Kiet in 1076

-3 successive wars against the Mongols during the Tran Dynasty

-From 1402 - 1428: The war against the Ming Dynasty of China

-Against the Manchu Dynasty in China in 1789...We cannot forget to mention the wars with Thailand, the Cambodia, maritime conflicts with Spain...

The history of Vietnam is marked by the creation of the country and wars to safeguard independence. From the dawn of time until the arrival of the French Army in 1858, the Japanese Army in 1940, the Quo Ming Tang Army in 1945, the arrival of the Allies Army in 1946 began the second war of French Indochina...

The history of Vietnam has entered one of the most tragic epochs: From the signing of the Geneva Accord in 1954 to unify the country cut in 1945 by the Allied Meeting in Potsdam until the intervention of the American Army between 1955 and 1975.

The war against the Khmer Rouge in the South began in 1979. At the same time, in the North, this was the war against China until the normalization of the relations between Vietnam and China in 1991 and with the United States in 1995 so that the embargo imposed by the Americans since 1975 was removed ... So many events, so much suffering ... Vietnam was ravaged by bombs, mines, massacres, famine...

47 million tons of bombs, mines…were dropped during the wars in Vietnam of which 700 thousand are still somewhere in the mountains, and another 80 million liters of defoliants - the orange dioxin agent have been spread…Millions of people have were killed: The famine in 1945 killed 2 million Vietnamese people on 20 million inhabitants…Millions of families have been affected by successive wars, hundreds of thousands of children are malformed by dioxin...

It is estimated that 300 years are still needed to clear Vietnam from mines. At present, 20% of the territory is still polluted with millions of hectares of land. Every year, about 2.500 Vietnamese people are killed and injured by anti-tank, anti-personnel mines…most of whom are children and main workers in the family. The atrocity, the napalm, the massacres like My Lai... always remain the nightmares for the conscience of the Humanity. The consequences are still relevant...

Here are the most recent events in chronological order in the history of Vietnam:

In 1858, the landing of the troop of Napoleon 3 to start war against France;

In 1887, the creation of the Indochinese Union;

In 1930, the creation of the Communist Party of Indochina;

In 1940, the invasion of the Japanese Army; Birth of Viet Minh;

In 1945, the declaration of Independence on September 2;

In 1946, the second Indochina War; Vietnam was cut into two parts by the meeting of Potsdam;

In 1954, the end of the Indochina War with the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and the intervention of the Americans;

In 1973, the Paris agreement signed - departure of the US military;

In 1975, the end of the Vietnam War - the reunification of the country;

In 1979, the South West border war against the Khmer Rouge and with the Chinese Army in the North.

In 1991, the opening of the border with China;

In 1995, the normalization of the relationship with the Americans; the embargo imposed by United States of America has been removed.

In 1995, Vietnam became a member of the ASEAN - Association of Nations in Southeast Asia…

In 2006, Vietnam became the official member of the WTO. In 2007, Vietnam was elected as the non-permanent member of Security Council of the United Nations for the period 2008-2009. On December 31, 2015, Vietnam officially joined the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) with 10 member states. The AEC will be a valuable opportunity for Vietnam to boost exports and attract foreign investment and adapt quickly to the trend and level of economic development of the region and the world.

In 2014, Vietnam occupied the 32 position in the IMF's GDP ranking. With an expected growth rate of 4.5 to 5%, Vietnam will have 24th position by 2030. In 2050, the country will be in 20th position, behind Thailand (18th position).

Vietnamese economy had a growth rate of 5.93% for the whole of 2014, according to data published by the Ministry of Planning and Investment in the latest report. The growth rate is above the government's target of 5.8% this year. Currently, Vietnam is considered one of the fastest growing economies until 2050. Vietnam is entering the era of the remarkable development of the economy by integrating well with the whole world to become the example of emerging countries. The history of Vietnam is turning its new page.