Ha giang in Vietnam

Ha Giang is a mountainous province in north of Vietnam which shares the border with China. The topography of Ha Giang is very complicated: There are rocks mountains, the earth mountains... covering the valleys, rivers...

Ha Giang has many majestic mountains with many peaks known as Tay Con Linh (2419 m) and Kieu Lieu Ti (2402m) that are the highest. About flora, Ha Giang has many native forests, many precious woods and up to 1,000 kinds of medicinal plants. On the point of view of fauna, Ha Giang has peacocks, pheasants, pangolins and many other abundant species of birds.

The population of Ha Giang has about one million inhabitants. In particular, the urban population is over 100,000 people. The Hmong ethnic groups (representing 32.0% of the population), Tay (23.3%), Dao (15.1%), Viet (13.3%), Nung (9.9%)...

Ha Giang in Vietnam

History in brief of Ha Giang:

In the past, Ha Giang belonged to Tan Hung, one of the 15 cantons of the Van Lang kingdom. Later, Ha Giang was led by the three leaders of the Thai ethnic group. In the early 15th century, Ha Giang was called Nguyen Binh and Nguyen Binh Chau in 1473 and Vi Xuyen.

At the end of the 17th century, the leader of the Thai ethnic people offered Ha Giang to the Chinese people who returned it to Vietnam in 1728. In 1895, the border between Ha Giang and China has been set as in the maps today.

After 1954, the Ha Giang province created Ha Giang city as its capital and four districts: Bac Quang, Dong Van, Hoang Su Phi and Vi Xuyen.

December 15th, 1962, Dong Van district was divided into three districts: Dong Van, Meo Vac and Yen Minh. Vi Xuyen district was divided into two districts: Vi Xuyen and Quan Ba. April 1, 1965, the district of Hoang Su Phi was divided into two districts: Hoang Su Phi and Xin Man.

After 1975, Ha Giang has adhered to the Tuyen Quang province to create the province of Ha Tuyen. November 18, 1983, Vi Xuyen district was divided into two districts: Vi Xuyen and Bac Me.

August 12, 1991, this province was created after its separation from Ha Tuyen with 10 administrative units, including the city of Ha Giang (provincial capital) and 9 districts: Bac Me, Bac Quang, Dong Van, Hoang Su Phi, Meo Vac, Quan Ba, ​​Vi Xuyen, Xin Man and Yen Minh. December 1, 2003, Quang Binh district was established in Ha Giang.

Tourism in Ha Giang:

Ha Giang is known worldwide by the Dong Van Plateau which covers four districts as Quan Ba, Yen Minh, Dong Van and Meo Vac. The plateau has been recognized as the World Geopark or World Natural Heritage in 2010. This is a particular area of ​​limestone which keeps the typical evidence of the development history of the earth's crust, the phenomena of nature, the aesthetic landscapes, the great biological diversity and rich cultural traditions of indigenous ethnic groups such as Hmong, Lo Lo, Pu Peo, Dao... The plateau is also known by many national heritages as: Wang family’s Palace, Lung Cu tower flag, Dong Van old quarter, Ma Pi Leng Pass...

Ha Giang in Vietnam

Ha Giang do not seduce travelers only by fields of flowers of Tam Giac Mach, rice terraces, but also the life of the Hmong observed from the Sa Phin Gate of Heaven.

The morning fresh air in Ha Giang is so nice which still attracts visitors to the fields of Tam Giac Mach flowers that are tiny, purple and unique flowers on the limestone plateau.

Ma Pi Leng extending over 20 km is a mountain pass with very steep topography. Known as the ''King of the Passes'', the Ma Pi Leng zigzagging between high cliffs and steep and deep abysses.

This pass attracts travelers with the beauty of the earth and the sky and the landscape with rivers, mountains ... that blend together in a majestic way. Standing at the top, you'll see the green Nho Que river all year which is winding like a delicate thread between the sharp and rugged mountains in shape of cat ears, creating a rare scene where the clouds, the sky, the river, the mountains meet each other themselves magically.

Coming to Ha Giang, travelers can not ignore the perfect break in Sa Phin located at 15 km from the Dong Van district. At the Gate of Heaven, you will have panoramic view on Sa Phin romantic valley and the palace of King Vuong Chi Sinh.

The Palace of King Vuong Chi Sinh of Hmong people is located on a hill in the Sa Phin valley. This is a building with unique architecture of the plateau. The monument owned by the Wang family was built for 8 years.

Wang or Vuong family’s Palace is located in the town of Sa Phin, 4 hours drive from the town of Ha Giang. The palace was classified as National Heritage in 1993. The road to the palace was paved with large, flat and square slabs in stone. The palace is surrounded by walls built of large stone blocks. The main materials of construction are: green stone, Pemu wood (a conifer family), terracotta tiles ... The meticulously carved designs are very sophisticated and appreciative with the main images like: dragons, phoenix, and bats ... symbolizing wealth and prosperity. The palace having a majestic beauty situated on a hill in form of shell of the turtle is an example of the interference of the architectural art of the Han and Hmong people in the region of the Vietnam – China border.

Ha Giang in Vietnam

Ha Giang is also known by the ethnic markets such as Quan Ba, Quyet Tien, Sung La ... But above all, Meo Vac and Dong Van markets are the most important. Every Sunday, the different ethnic groups in traditional costumes come here to refuel but also to meet each other. The markets are becoming centers of exchange of sentiment, typical cultural spaces of the local people. During the trip to Ha Giang, you will have the chance to meet the markets across the town or district. You will immerse yourself in local life, in many forests of butterflies in all colors created by the traditional costumes. It is the atmosphere that does not exist everywhere in our world.

Khau Vai market is held annually on March 27th in the lunar calendar in the municipality of the same name of Meo Vac district. Having originally a love story, Khau Vai became a meeting place of the lovers in Ha Giang. Initially, the Khau Vai market had no buyers or sellers. For about ten years, so to meet the demand of life, the market is not only a meeting place but also goods of high mountains.

Ha Giang is inhabited by many ethnic minorities such as Hmong, Dao, Tay, Giay, Nung, Lolo, Pupeo ... Each group continues to keep the special traditional values: Costume, architecture, arts, folklore ... The meeting of these populations makes your travel in Vietnam more interesting and human. As a local travel agentt of local guides, we create these contacts by nights in homestay to share the life together and to improve their living standards.

The H'mong people represent 31% of the population in the province of Ha Giang. They live mostly in districts like: Yen Minh, Quan Ba, Meo Vac, Dong Van and west of Hoang Su Phi and Xin Man. Share life with the Hmong is a cultural experience difficult to forget.

The Hmong people have the tradition of growing rice, corn ... on stone fields. Their crafts have reached a higher level as the weaving, knitting, carpentry, and blacksmithing. They often bring their products to fairs to introduce to travelers.

To adapt to the fragmented topography, the peoples in Ha Giang has created a typical method of cultivation in the high mountains. These are the rice fields in terraces. You will be completely amazed by the talented hands, the strength of the people of Ha Giang who transform mountain slopes into unique masterchiefs.

Ha Giang in Vietnam

The rice terraces in Ha Giang, in general, have a single rice havest per year. At the begining of June, people begin to prepare the fields with the first rains. The sun reflected in the water puddles creats an impressive beauty. Between the months of June and August, the rice fields are green. Around the month of September, the rice terraces are covered by yellow and bright color. This is the moment that attracts more local travelers to admire the unique landscapes.

The cave system: The province of Ha Giang has many cave systems: At 7 km from the town of Ha Giang, Phuong Thien cave consists of beautiful landscapes. Suoi Tien cave at 2 km from the town of Ha Giang is known by having holy water that people are seeking as a chance...

But, this isolated region is not yet well known by tourism. May be because of the insulation, infrastructure difficulties... But Ha Giang with its global values, represents a very interesting destination for the souls having sense of discovery.

Some essential destinations:

Ha Giang, known by its majestic nature, has become since longtime a very attractive destination for both Vietnamese and foreign travelers. Its picturesque landscapes of karsts formation attracts countless numbers of tourists each year, especially those wishing to explore the region by bike because this kind of travel firstly is very mobile, then it creates another highly impressive adventure feeling for youth travelers. Here are some most essential destinations in Ha Giang:

The Dong Van geological park of limestone plateau: It is a pride not only of Ha Giang itself but also that of Vietnam. This famous geological park covers the area of ​​all four districts of the province such as: Quan Ba, Yen Minh, Dong Văn and Meo Vac. This park was officially added to the list of Global Geological Parks by UNESCO as the World Natural Heritage in October 3, 2010. This title is currently the first to be recognized in Vietnam and the second in South East Asia. Thanks to this classification, Ha Giang becomes increasingly famous.

The pass of Mã Pi Leng: This is a destination in Ha Giang which can seduce the most difficult travelers. Literally, Ma Pi Leng means the nose of the horse. But figuratively it can rather evoke the winding and dangerous side of this pass. A comparison to express the breathtaking fatigue to death of horses every time they pass by here or the pass is ​​as abrupt as the nose of the horses.

Located at 2000 meters above sea level and in the center of the limestone plateau of Dong Van of Ha Giang province, Ma Pi Leng is formed by sediment component of limestone, silica, shale ... where archaeologists found fossils dating 426 million years ago, and traces and cracks caused by orogenic and tectonics movement in the past. The fantastic scenery of this pass now represents one of the finest in Ha Giang.

The Lung Cu Tower Flag: The Lung Cu Tower Flag is located in extreme point of Ha Giang and of Vietnam. Situated at 1468 m above sea level, this flagpole is called the Roof of Vietnam and supposed to be the symbol of the sovereignty of the territory of the country. Built on Mount Dragon and inspired by the architecture of the Flag Tower of Hanoi, the Lung Cu Tower Flag is reached after 389 steps and at a distance of 1.5km. The area of ​​the flag is 54 m², representing 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam. This flag is also the goal of the conquests of local travelers while coming to Ha Giang.

The old quarter of Dong Van: A pearl lost in the middle of the limestone plateau of Ha Giang, surrounded by very green mountains, Dong Van is a small urban area. Formed from the 20th century with some houses of Tay, H Mong ethnic groups are added to it other traders from delta in order to trade to create a community of about 40 households living in this city today.

The architecture of the old quarter of Dong Van, a district of Ha Giang, is strongly influenced by the Chinese style with houses covered in tiles concave and convex, with red lanterns hung up in front of houses, representing the orient geomancy of the Yin and Yang balance.

The whole quarter is a phantasmagorical picture, enhanced by the harmonious blend of several colors which are the two essential yellow of rising sun and sepia gray old houses and which still participate in the colors of the magnificent scenery in Ha Giang.

House of Vươngs: Considered as fabulous reference architecture of local ethnic groups in Ha Giang, this monument was built in the early twentieth century in the form of the letter 王 (meaning "king" in English). Surrounded by wild tea hedge, this monument stands proudly in the middle of the hill in the shape of the turtle shell as a challenge to weather and time. This palace is a living witness of the history of Vietnam in general and in particular of Ha Giang.

The weekly markets in Ha Giang: The markets are also well expected destinations of all visitors while coming to Ha Giang, especially Khau Vai market known by the curious name: Love Market which happens only once in 27 of the third moon every year. This market is the place where young and old lovers meet each other. Its explain absence of goods. If not, you have several market days, especially in the Sundays while traveling in Ha Giang.

The rice terrace in Hoang Su Phi: Hoang Su Phi is a district of Ha Giang province. Despite the very difficult access because the roads leading to it are very narrow and sinuous, but the rice terrace become the meeting place of many visitors in Ha Giang attracted by its breathtaking beauty. Hoang Su Phi rice terrace in Ha Giang becomes the National Heritage in 2012

Getting to Ha Giang:

The Ha Giang town is located 300 km in the north of Hanoi. But the Dong Van plateau, Meo Vac... are about 4 - 5 hours drive from the city. While the rice terraces in Hoang Su Phi are of approximately at 3 hours drive. From Babe Lake, Sapa, Bac Ha market ... We can go easily to the city of Ha Giang by car within the day to explore its amazing surroundings.