Geography and Weather of Vietnam

Vietnam has 330 000 km squares as the area, located in the South – East of Indochinese peninsula. This country lies about 2700 km long from the North to the South, with the narrowest point of 47 km in the center, at 17th parallel where the country was cut into two parts in Vietnam war. This country shares the border with China (1300 km) in the North, Orient sea in the East, Laos (1700 km) and Cambodia (900km) in the West and the South – West.

In addition to the internal waters, territorial waters of Vietnam is 12 nautical miles along the length of the country’s land, 12 contiguous miles, the exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles which occupy an area of about 1,000,000 square kilometers.

Topographical features in the geography of Vietnam:

Vietnam is a tropical country with plains, hills, plateaus with lots of thick forests. Land used for agriculture represents less than 20%. The country is divided by mountains, the Red River Delta in the north, Annamitiques Mountains Chains, high plateaus, the central coastal plain and the Mekong Delta in the south.

The Vietnamese imagine their country as a yoke, which carries two baskets. The shape of the country reminds word S: We have the Red River delta of 16.000 km squares in the North, the narrow coastal strip of the Centre, the Mekong Delta of 24000 squares in the South. Some people describe that: This country is like a dragon – a animal symbolizing the power.

Both deltas are formed since millions of years ago, with the alluvium of the two main rivers of the same names in the country: Red River in the North and the Mekong River in the South. These are also two cradles of rice cultivation which is the source of life 60% of the current population: 90 millions of inhabitants.

The mountain occupies ¾ of area of the country, but inhabited by only 16% of the current population. They belong mainly to ethnic people: Hmong, Dao, Tay, Thai, Mnong, Bnar…living in autarky.

Phansipang, summit of 3143 m high – the highest in French Indochina: Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.

The geography of Vietnam is one element creating the diversification of its landscapes.

Weather in Vietnam:

Vietnam has four major climatic zones: North, Center, South (The country lies on 2700 km between the North and South), and the climate of the ocean.

Here are some climate characteristics of each region:

1 - North Mountain: This mountainous area has a subtropical and humid climate with four clearly distinguished seasons: Spring, summer, autumn and winter. This climate is characterized by instability in the beginning, the end of the season and in the temperature.

The rain often begins in June to end in October.

The highest temperature is 41 degrees between June and October in Dien Bien Phu, Than uyen, Lai Chau, Hanoi, Hoa binh ... and the lowest is-3 degree in Sapa, Mau Son with occasional snow.

While in the North - East sharing the border with the Gulf of Tonkin has climate of the ocean, often threatened by tropical typhoons as in Quang ninh, Hai phòng…

North monsoon in the plain or the Red River delta, begins in July and ends in October. The average temperature is 29-30 degree: The highest can be in summer (But it takes a few days per month): May, June, July and the lowest is 9 degree (But it takes a few days per season) between January and February.

2 - Climate of the Center: In the North of Ocean Clouds Pass: The climate is also divided in 4 seasons.

This region is characterized by the wind from the south - west of Asia making the weather warm and dry: between May and October with heavy rains as in Nghe an, Quang binh provinces…

The highest temperature is 42 degree and the lowest is 12 degree. Especially, typhoons of the coast are quite frequent.

In the South of the pass, the temperature is more stable: 30 degrees on average. Cold waves are very rare.

3 - The climate of the highlands and South: This area has a tropical and savanna climate with two seasons: the dry season between April and May and the rainy season between October and November. Throughout the year, the temperature is on average 25 - 30 degree, without knowing significant changes.