Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam

Dien Bien Phu – One of the most important history sites in Vietnam: 

Dien Bien Phu or the Dien Bien Phu City is the capital of Dien Bien province in northwest of Vietnam. This valley is best known for the Dien Bien Phu Battle in 1954 between the Vietnamese Army or Viet Minh commanded by Giap General and French troops commanded by Christian Ferdinand de la Croix de Castries General.

Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam

Geography:

Dien Bien Phu is actually the Muong Thanh valley of Dien Bien Phu district belonging to the Lai Chau province. The valley is about 23 km long, an average large of from 7 km to 9 km, on average. There were 11 communes: Thanh Minh, Thanh Xuong, Thanh An, Noong Het, Sam Mun Noong Luong Thanh Yen, Thanh Chan Thanh Hung, Thanh Luong Thanh Nua and the administrative center: Dien Bien Town. 

In 2004, Dien Bien province was established with its capital: present Dien Bien Phu City, a small part of the Muong Thanh valley.

Dien Bien Phu shares the border with China in the north, Laos in the west, and the provinces of Vietnam as: Lai Chau, Son La in the south.

In a very mountainous region, Dien Bien Phu is accessible by road from the Hanoi capital (2 days) or by plane from Hanoi (1h), Sapa (7h)…

Dien Bien Phu - A little history:

Originally, Dien Bien Phu was called Muong Thanh meaning in language of Thai ethnic group: Celestial Country, associated with the legend of the birth of this people. Muong Thanh is also the Ancestral Land of Thai in Southeast Asia.

Muong Thanh was baptized Dien Bien Phu by King Thieu Tri in 1841 of the last Nguyen dynasty with the history of the Hue Forbidden City. Dien means: Foundation ... and Bien: Frontier. So Dien Bien is: Frontier Foundation.

The word Phu means:  administrative unit under the feudal period, equivalent to a present district.

Military campaign in 1954: 

Dien Bien Phu is best known for the Dien Bien Phu Battle in 1954 between the Vietnamese Army or Viet Minh commanded by Giap General and French troops commanded by Christian Ferdinand de la Croix de Castries General.

This battle leaded to the end of the French role in Indochina Peninsula and the signature of the Geneva Agreement deciding the 17th parallel (Chosen by the Potsdam Meeting in 1945, after World War II) as the provisional military demarcation between north and south.

The battle of Dien Bien Phu is mentioned as one of the greatest victories in Southeast Asia against the French colonial forces. In this battle, Vietnamese forces or Viet Minh moved their artillery on the hills around the Dien Bien Phu valley to attack the forces of the French army. By mobilizing in maximum the forces and with great logistics, Viet Ming had one of the most important victories in the history of the Vietnam War.

Attraction:

Furthermore the sites of the Dien Bien Phu Battle officially classified as National Historical Site on 28 April 1962 as: Museum of the Battle, Monument commemorating the soldiers on both sides, the command post of De Castries General, strategic hills ... Dien Bien Phu is well known by the beautiful valleys covered by rice fields that are the main source of life of ethnic groups  as: Thai, Hmong, Kho Mu ...

Certainly, Dien Bien Phu in north of Vietnam, the best historic site at the time of the French Indochina, became high places of the historical pilgrimage