Cao Bang in Vietnam

Cao Bang is a province in the northeast of Vietnam. The north and north east of Cao Bang share the border of 343 km long with China, the west with the provinces of Tuyen Quang and Ha Giang, the south with the province of Lang Son which is also a border province with China.

The Cao Bang province has an area of ​​6690.72 square kilometers that includes the limestone plateaus interspersed with mountains of land with an average altitude of over 200 meters while the border areas with China has an altitudes of 600-1300 meters above sea level. The mountains and forests cover 90% of the area of ​​the province of Cao Bang.

Cao Bang in Vietnam

The majority of the area of ​​Cao Bang is covered by forests, so that the air is quite pure in rural, residential regions and even in the city of Cao Bang.

Overall, this province in northern Vietnam has a pleasant, subtropical, temperate and humid climate which is clearly influenced by the cold waves from the China. However, the temperature of Cao Bang is never below 0 ° C.

Summer in Cao Bang is characterized by hot and humid climate; the average temperature is raised from 30 to 32 °. In winter, between December and February, the lowest temperature is 5-8 ° C and 15-28 ° C on average.

Cao Bang has the population of 507.183 people according to the 2009 census including the Tay people (representing 41.0% of the population), Nung (31.1%), Hmong (10.1%), Dao (10.1 %), Viet (5.8%), San Chay (1.4%)...

Summary history of Cao Bang:

Cao Bang officially belonged to the kingdom of Dai Viet or former name of the current Vietnam in 1039. After the fall of 1592 in Thang Long capital or Hanoi today, the Mac dynasty came to Cao Bang to fight against the Trinh dynasty until 1677.

The military campaign in 1950:

By clearly seeing the strategic position of the number 4 road which is the main road of 300 km long across three provinces of Cao Bang, Lang Son and Quang Ninh, the base of the local resistance, the communication channel between the Vietnamese army and Communist China, the French army led the military campaign in 1949 to control it. In 1950, the military campaign ended with the failure of French army.

The Chinese invasion in 1979:

Cao Bang and all other Vietnamese provinces that share the border with China as Lao Cai, Lai Chau, Lang Son ... were attacked by the Chinese army in February 1979. This bloody war often called: Border war in north lasted until 1989.

But in this province, after a month of occupation, the Chinese people have completely destroyed the city with important infrastructure, massacred many people ... before leaving Cao Bang in March 1979.

Cao Bang in Vietnam

Tourism in Cao Bang:

Cao Bang has mountains, forests, rivers, streams ... with the majestic and vast nature that is intact and pristine. The Ban Gioc Waterfall is one of the top destinations of Cao Bang. Lying on the border with China, this waterfall is formed by the River of Quay Son in Trung Khanh district. Next to Ban Gioc, you have the cave of Nguom Ngao (Cave of tigers) which is the world of stalactites and stalagmites with thousands of different forms: elephants, dragons, tigers, clouds, trees, flowers, birds ... If you have time, the lake of Thang Hen in the district of Tra Linh is not a destination to be missed during the stay in Cao Bang.

Cao Bang is the place of origin of the Vietnam revolution. The remnant of the history and Revolution of Pac Bo in the commune of Truong Ha of the Ha Quang district is the place where President Ho Chi Minh lived from 1941 - 1945 to lead the Vietnamese revolution...

The forest of Tran Hung Dao is the place where the Vietnam Army of liberation and propaganda was created, the predecessor of the current people's armed forces of Vietnam.

Cao Bang has majestic natural beauty that can satisfy the most demanding travelers but who can easily adapt to local conditions. The journey in one of the most isolated regions in northern Vietnam is certainly new and exciting experiences. Here are the best interests of Cao Bang tourism.

Ban Gioc Waterfall: Spreading out on the border with China, Ban Gioc Waterfall is ranked in 4th position in size among the largest waterfalls in the world located on a border between nations (After Iguazu between Brazil - Argentina, Victoria between Zambia - Zimbabwe Niagara falls between Canada and the United States). However, according to Xinhua, a Chinese magazine, the Ban Gioc waterfall is the second largest in the world among the waterfalls between the two countries. But it is obvious that the Ban Gioc Waterfall in Cao Bang is the largest in South - East Asia.

2. River of Quay Son: In 556 m of altitude, the Quay Son River has a length of 89 km with the basin having an area of ​​1,160 km². The river of Quay Son on the territory of Vietnam is 49 km long and the basin area is 475 km².

Quay Son River flows through an area of ​​limestone mountains of Cao Bang with beautiful and spectacular scenery in the middle of the rice terraces. However, Quay Son River is known by the waterfall known as the Ban Gioc which is selected and evaluated as one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Vietnam and China.

Cao Bang in Vietnam

3. Cave of Nguom Ngao: This cave is located next to the Ban Gioc Waterfall and 90 km from the city of Cao Bang. According to a survey of the British Caving Association in 1995, the cave has a total length of 2144 meters with 3 doors: Nguom Ngao and Ban Lom Nguom Nguom. This cave is rich in stalactites and stalagmites of various shapes.

"Nguom Ngao" in the Tay language means: cave of tigers. Local legend tells that there were tigers living in it that caught pets. Local residents have set the trap to kill theses tigers to live in peace.

Nguom Ngao Cave was discovered in 1921 but has been exploited for tourism since 1996. It is one of the main attractions of the province of Cao Bang.

4. Pac Bo Cave: Pac Bo is a particular relic of history and the national revolution in Vietnam. This relic belongs to the commune of Pac Bo in Ha Quang district or at 55 km from the north of the city of Cao Bang.

The vestige includes: memorial house of Uncle Ho, Pac Bo cave, cave of Lung Lan, cave of Nguom Vai source of Lenin, stone table where Uncle Ho worked...

February 8, 1941, after 30 years abroad, Ho Chi Minh returned to Vietnam in living in the cave of Pac Bo. He called the source of water in front of the cave: Source of Lenin and the mountain covering the Pac Bo cave: Mountain of Karl Marx. Before 1979, Pac Bo approximately 15m3 was destroyed by the Chinese army during the Sino-Vietnamese War in 1979. Today, the Pac Bo cave was partially restored to become the place of the historic pilgrim in Cao Bang.

5. Thang Hen Lake: Thang Hen is a freshwater lake in the commune of Quoc Toan in the Tra Linh district of the province of Cao Bang.

The lake's name in the language of Tay people means: bee tail. While looking down, the lake looks like the tail of bees. The lake has about 100-300 m wide, 500-1000 m in length, depending on water levels.

Thang Hen Lake is a closed natural reservoir but refueled by rivers, underground streams, under the limestone mountains. This phenomenon is known as karst formation. During the flood season, water from the lake flows into the various valleys to form a chain of 36 lakes with emerald water.

6. Meeting the people of Cao Bang: Cao Bang is peacefully inhabited by ethnic groups such as Tay, Nung, Hmong, Dao, San Chay ... living mainly from agriculture and especially the cultivation of rice. Most ethnic groups live in stilt houses which are nestled at the foot of limestone mountains. In front of each village, there is often a valley covered by different cultures: Rice, corn, vegetable ... Until now, most of the mountain people of Cao Bang still wear the traditional costumes keeping the craft trades as Weaving, blacksmith...

Located in rural areas, the local ethnic villages are always very calm in harmony with the unspoiled landscape. You will immerse yourself in the quiet and relaxing atmosphere of immense rice fields, mountains in multi shapes, small paths weaving between the endless green bamboo forests among which the rivers flow...You will see that the landscapes of Cao Bang are so poetic.

Cao Bang in Vietnam

What are the best moment to travel in Cao Bang? 

Cao Bang, in each season, has a different beauty, but the experts believe that the best time is in the month of August and September. At that time, the Ban Gioc Waterfall is very beautiful with blue water. The months of November and December is known by the wildflower season brilliantly blooming on Cao Bang trails.

Compared to ... Sapa, this province has two rice seasons: from February to June and from July to October. These are interesting times for plunging into the soft green or golden yellow paddy fields of Cao Bang.

How to get to Cao Bang and should we have how many day?

Cao Bang is located about 300 km in the northeast of Hanoi capital, in the middle of the wild mountain of the country. So, there are two ways to go to there:

Local bus or your own car:

Cao Bang can be easily reached by local bus from Hanoi. You just need to go to the bus station of My Dinh to take it. Every day, there are many buses in direction to Cao Bang and most are night buses.

When you arrive at the bus station in Cao Bang, you can hire a taxi or motorcycle to go to the Ban Gioc Waterfall. However, according to our experience, it is better to take the local bus from the town of Cao Bang.

By motorbike:

Cao Bang can be reached by bike. There are 3 trips according to your choice, depending on the capacity, the starting point, the budget...You have many choices:

Circuit 1: Take the highway Hanoi - Thai Nguyen - Bac Kan directly before taking the national road 3 to go to Cao Bang. With this trip, the route Hanoi - Cao Bang is very convenient.

Circuit 2: You take the old national road 3: Hanoi - Thai Nguyen - Bac Kan - Cao Bang. However, if you are not a professional biker, it will be a bit difficult because you have to spend 5 dangerous passes (Deo Giang, Deo Gio, Deo Ngan Son, Deo Cao Bac, and Deo Tai Sin Ho). But for professional riders, this tour is ideal.

Circuit 3: Follow the National Highway 1 A to Lang Son before taking the national road 4 via Dong Khe, That Khe to Cao Bang. This road has many trucks. So, you will need to move carefully. We believe it is better to rent your own car because you can stop wherever you want, enjoy the scenery ... It's the best way to go to Cao Bang.

Cao Bang in Vietnam

Suggestions of some hotels, motels in Cao Bang:

Cao Bang is a beautiful area but still little exploited by tourism. So the hotel infrastructure is still limited. In the city of Cao Bang or the capital of this province, you can find the local hotels at very reasonable rate of 10 to 20 USD per room per night.

Our experience for the trip in Cao Bang is that you should book hotels in advance to avoid the shortage, the price increase, especially during holidays. Here are some quality hotels in Cao Bang:

- In the city center: Duc Trung Hotel: No. 85, Be Van Dan: telephone number: 3853 026 424; Bang Giang Hotel: No. 2 Kim Dong: 026 431 3853; Hoang Anh Hotel: No. 131, Kim Dong: 3858 026 969; Anh Duong Hotel: No. 78, Kim Dong: 3858 026 467; Hoang Long Hotel: No. 51 Kim Dong: 3855 026 178;

- In Trung Khanh District: Le Hoan Guesthouse: 026.826221 / 0915425531; Thien Tai Guesthouse near the market: 026.3826537; Dinh Van Guesthouse near the market: 026.3602789;

- Near Ban Gioc Waterfall: Van Dinh 2 Guesthouse: 0263.82.80.82.

In addition, in Bao Lac, Phuc Hoa, Tinh Tuc ... there are guesthouses at affordable price of 12 USD / room / night. If not, there is no comfort hotel in Cao Bang.

Some notes and experiences while travel in Cao Bang:

- If you travel alone in this isolated province, you should remember that: the mountain roads in Cao Bang have many passes. So you should drive carefully with full papers, protective clothing, helmets ... In addition, you should also calculate exactly the number of Km to buy gasoline, prepare repair tools...

- You think about having all the necessary documents: identity card, passport... because Cao Bang is a border area.

- Remember to bring medicine, sunscreen, insect cream and personal belongings to prevent incidents along the way and during the visit...

-  Wear light clothing in summer, between April and September, the waterproof shoes or closed sandals...

- When you visit Pac Po Cave, you think to pay attention to road signs as there are dangerous underground currents...

If you have experiences to share, send to us please. Or you can send email to us:  for more detailed travel information of Cao Bang in Vietnam.